Artificial Intelligence – Definition, Meaning, Types, Future Scope and Risk
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence: –
Nowadays, one of the most popular technologies in IT industry is “Artificial Intelligence”. It was invented in 1955 by John McCarthy, he was further recognized as the father of AI (Artificial Intelligence). As the name “Artificial Intelligence (AI)” suggests that it is a technique which provides intelligence to artificial (machine).
Now let’s elaborate what AI exactly is: Artificial Intelligence is such kind of technology that makes a machine capable of acting as a human, like self-driving cars, robots, missile guidance etc. The intelligent agents are designed to perform according to the real-world environment. For an instance, the voice recognition system takes the input of spoken words and reacts according to it, like Apple’s Siri, it listens to the human voice and performs the task that is given to it.
So far, we have seen what AI is. Now let’s know about the benefits and risks regarding AI.
Benefits of Artificial Intelligence:
Artificial Intelligence is beneficial in almost every field. Some of them are described below:
Artificial Intelligence in Health: People can take the medical help through their computer systems. Besides, if there is some medical emergency and clinic or hospital is not nearby you, then you can take the medical help on phone by calling to a hospital. First, you have to tell your problem and the nurse will enter it into her system, then the system will provide you with an appropriate solution. Other than this, AI is adopted in hospitals to store data of the patients. In this way, AI is beneficial for health care.
Artificial Intelligence in Education: In the education sector, AI is used to keep the track of students’ data. In addition to this, online exams and result declaration are also done by AI. AI is also helpful for those children who want to learn at their own places.
Artificial Intelligence in Finance: Personal finance applications are developed using AI, it takes the input from customer’s data and provides some financial advice. Except for this, trading software like MetaStock Trader and Worden TC2000 work on AI. The software consists of drawing tools and integrated applications which are used for trade automation.
Artificial Intelligence in Manufacturing: In the manufacturing industry, AI is used in the industrial robots’ work, which makes it many times faster than humans.
Therefore, we have discussed that how much AI is beneficial. Now let’s have a look at the risks related to AI.
Risks with Artificial Intelligence:
As we have seen so far that AI makes a machine capable of acting like a human. But here one thing is to think about that we humans have emotions also, like love, hate, anger, happiness etc, can AI fill these emotions in a machine? The answer is simply “No”. So here AI fails.
One more thing is that AI also works behind Google’s search algorithms. It means whatever we search, we will get the result, but some people take its illegal advantage. For example, terrorists search how to make a bomb and they get the result, criminals search for the information regarding their crimes and they also get the result. Moreover, when minor children search for the porn sites, they get the knowledge to do sex which causes the bad impact in their minds and sometimes they rape a girl or a woman. Therefore, On Google’s search, there is no filtration to decide which searches should be responded and which should not be responded.
AI also works in autonomous weapons that perform destruction. If these weapons fall into wrong hands, it can create disastrous impact. This is one of the major risks with AI.
The above examples illustrate that if the goals of AI are not properly aligned with ours then it can create a severe problem.
Future scope of Artificial Intelligence:
As we have seen yet that AI is not only a technique to make a machine capable of working as or better than human, but it is a revolution in IT industry which has influenced every field whether it is medical, banking, robotics, Android or any else.
Therefore, the time ahead is completely for Artificial Intelligence. So, if you are interested in AI that means you are going to have a wide scope in public as well as private sectors. A lot of MNC’s offer great jobs in the field of AI, where you can get a fabulous salary.
Besides, you can work on your own by becoming a game developer, or you can work in robotics or create a speech recognition system etc. Moreover, in public sector, people who have a good knowledge of AI can provide benefits to the government by reducing the time and cost of the work.
In this way, AI is the latest boom in technical industry and it will also improve the future of technology.
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