Commonwealth Games: Introduction, History and Medal Table 2018
Introduction and History:
Common Wealth Games are international multi-sports events that are featured by the athletes from Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth of Nations is an intergovernmental organization that involves 53-member states. Such member involves Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, Singapore and others. Apart from these 53 members, 4 home nations of the United Kingdom such as Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland also send their separate teams to participate in the Commonwealth Games. The first Commonwealth Games were organized in Hamilton, Canada in 1930, in which 400 athletes from 11 nations took part in 6 sports and 59 events. In the Commonwealth Games, winners are awarded Gold Medal, second positions achieve Silver Medal and the third positions are awarded Bronze Medal. Initially, these events were called British Empire Games and later in 1954, the name was converted into British Empire and Commonwealth Games. Afterwards, in 1970, the name was changed to British Commonwealth Games and now finally it is recognized as Commonwealth Games.
Presently, the Commonwealth Games are held in every four years. The Commonwealth Games are controlled by Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), it also chooses the host city to organize the events. Commonwealth Games are the third biggest multi-sports events after Olympics and Asian Games. The sports played in each Commonwealth Games are decided by the host country. Recently, the Commonwealth Games were held in the Carrara Stadium, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia between 4 to 15 April 2018. Therefore, the Commonwealth Games 2018 are also known as Gold Coast 2018. In this organizing, 19 sports were played, it includes Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Bowls, Boxing, Cycling, Diving, Gymnastics, Hockey, Netball, Rugby Sevens, Shooting, Squash, Swimming, Table Tennis, Weightlifting, Wrestling, Volleyball and Triathlon. Along with it, 71 nations competed in the Commonwealth Games 2018, such nations are India, Australia, Canada, British Virgin Island, New Zealand, Pakistan, Cook Island, and others. Over 5,000 athletes participated in the Commonwealth Games 2018.
Flag Bearer of Commonwealth Games:
In the opening ceremony of the Commonwealth Games, athletes bear their nations’ flag and lead their national delegations in the Parade of nations. Such athletes are called flag bearers. In 2018, P.V. Sindhu was announced to be the flag bearer from India. Moreover, the flag bearers of other countries were:
Medal Achievers of Commonwealth Games 2018:
In the recent Commonwealth Games, 43 nations achieved 840 medals (275 Gold, 276 Silver and 289 Bronze). Among all these nations, the host country Australia won maximum 198 medals (80 Gold, 59 Silver and 59 Bronze). Besides, England remained at the second position with 136 medals (45 Gold, 45 Silver and 46 Bronze). The third position was achieved by India with 66 medals (26 Gold, 20 Silver and 20 Bronze). Moreover, other nations who won the medals are listed below:
|Medal Table of Commonwealth Games 2018|
|5||New Zealand (NZL)||15||16||15||46|
|6||South Africa (RSA)||13||11||13||37|
|Total (43 Nations)||275||276||289||840|
Medal Achievers of India: In the Commonwealth Games 2018, India has created a milestone. It is a matter of pride for every Indian that India has clinched 66 Medals. The Medal achievers of India are:
In the sport of Badminton, Indian Team won Gold in Mixed Team’s event. Apart from that, Saina Nehwal and PV Sindhu won Gold and Silver respectively in Women’s Singles. Kidambi Srikanth won Silver in Men’s Singles, Satwik Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty got Silver in Men’s Doubles. Moreover, Satwik Rankireddy and Ashwini Ponnappa claimed Bronze in Women’s Doubles.
In Wrestling, Sushil Kumar, Vinesh Phogat, Rahul Aware, Sumit and Bajrang Punia achieved Gold in Men’s Freestyle 74kg, Women’s Freestyle 50kg, Men’s Freestyle 57kg, Men’s Freestyle 125kg and Men’s Freestyle 65kg respectively. Besides, Pooja Dhanda, Mausam Khatri, and Babita Kumari won Silver in Women’s Freestyle 57kg, Men’s Freestyle 97kg, and Women’s Freestyle 53kg respectively. Kiran, Sakshi Malik, Somveer, and Divya Kakran got Bronze in the corresponding events Women’s Freestyle 76kg, Women’s Freestyle 62kg, Men’s Freestyle 86kg, and Women’s Freestyle 68kg.
In Weightlifting, Saikhom Mirabai Chanu, Khumukcham Sanjita Chanu, Venkat Rahul Ragala, Sathish Kumar Sivalingam, and Punam Yadav achieved Gold in Women’s 48kg, Women’s 53kg, Men’s 85kg, Men’s 77kg, and Women’s 69kg respectively. Moreover, Gururaja and Pardeep Singh achieved Silver in Men’s 56kg and Men’s 105kg. Deepak Lather and Vikas Thakur won Bronze in Men’s 69kg and Men’s 94kg.
In Shooting, Heena Sindhu, Manu Bhaker, and Sanjeev Rajput won Gold in Women’s 25m Pistol, Women’s 10m Air Pistol, and Men’s 50m Rifle 3 Positions respectively. Besides, Jitu Rai, Anish, Shreyasi Singh, and Tejaswini Sawant also achieved Gold in Men’s 10m Air Pistol, Men’s 25m Rapid Fire Pistol, Women’s Double Trap and Women’s 50m Rifle 3 Positions respectively. Apart from that, the Silver winning athletes were Anjum Moudgil, Heena Sindhu, Mehuli Ghosh, and Tejaswini Sawant who won the events of Women’s 50m Rifle 3 Positions, Women’s 10m Air Pistol, Women’s 10m Air Rifle, and Women’s 50m Rifle Prone respectively. Bronze was achieved by Apurvi Chandela, Om Mitharval, Ravi Kumar, Om Mitharval, and Ankur Mittal in the corresponding events Women’s 10m Air Rifle, Men’s 10m Air Pistol, Men’s 10m Air Rifle, Men’s 50m Pistol, and Men’s Double Trap.
In Boxing, MC Mary Kom, Vikas Krishan, and Gaurav Solanki won Gold in Women’s 45-48kg, Men’s 75kg, and Men’s 52kg respectively. Silver was achieved by Amit, Satish Kumar, and Manish Kaushik in Men’s 46-49kg, Men’s +91kg, and Men’s 60kg respectively. Moreover, Bronze was achieved by Manoj Kumar, Naman Tanwar, and Mohammed in the corresponding events Men’s 69kg, Men’s 91kg, and Men’s 56kg.
In the sport of Table Tennis, Indian Men’s Team and Indian Women’s Team obtained Gold, besides Manika Batra also won Gold in Women’s Singles. In the Women’s Doubles, Manika Batra and Mouma Das achieved Silver Medal. Similarly, Achanta Sharath and Sathiyan Gnanasekaran won Silver in Men’s Doubles. Moreover, Bronze was achieved by Sathiyan Gnanasekaran and Manika Batra in Mixed Doubles, Harmeet Desai and Sanil Shetty in Men’s Doubles and Achanta Sharath in Men’s Singles.
In Athletics, Neeraj Chopra won Gold in Men’s Javelin Throw, Seema Punia won Silver in Women’s Discus Throw and Navjeet Dhillon won Bronze in Women’s Discus Throw.
In Squash, Dipika Pallikal and Saurav Ghosal achieved Silver in Mixed Doubles. Similarly, Joshna Chinappa and Dipika Pallikal Karthik also won Silver in Women’s Doubles.
In Para Powerlifting, Sachin Chaudhary claimed Bronze in the event of Men’s Heavyweight.
Therefore, Commonwealth Games is one of the biggest platform of sports that combine different nations together.