Women Empowerment In India – Definition, Meaning and Essay
Introduction to Women Empowerment: –
Women hold a prominent position in our society and also plays a vital role in the development of a country. Women empowerment means to encourage and empower women to improve their lives. According to an estimation, women hold almost 50% of the worldwide population. Therefore, Empowering women generates positive results to the society. It also provides stronger economy to the nations as there is a large number of working women worldwide.
Need for Women Empowerment in India: –
In India, due to the male-dominated communities, women have been facing domination and discrimination for centuries. They were considered as a subject of dishonour and never been provided with their basic rights like education and freedom. Besides, women were victimized by violence and exploitation also. Due to such reasons, the need for women empowerment arose. Therefore, the provisions for women empowerment are made in the Indian constitution, and the fundamental rights are provided to women for their progress.
Government Initiatives for Women Empowerment in India: –
In India, Women are given 33.33 percent reservation in local governess. The Indian Government has declared 2001 as the year of Women’s Empowerment. Moreover, Government has started some welfare schemes for women’ uplift, such schemes are Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS), Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY), Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls, Priyadarshini and Rashtriya Mahila Kosh. These welfare schemes provide health care benefits to women and their children. Women are provided financial benefits also from Rashtriya Mahila Kosh. In this scheme, the lower income women can have the access to loans to start their small businesses. Apart from women, teenage girls are also taken care through Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls. According to this scheme, girls between the age of 10 to 19, are offered education, life skills, vocational training and nutritional supplements for their overall development. Some more latest government initiatives for women welfare are Sukanya Samriddhi Account, One Stop Centre Scheme, Mahila-E-Haat, Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Maternity Benefits Program and Women Helpline.
Effect of Government Initiatives for Women Empowerment in India: –
The Government Initiatives for women empowerment have improved the status of women in India. Today, women have become independent, empowered, highly educated and work in almost all fields of India. Presently, women are considered as the subject of honour in the communities. Due to the Government schemes for daughters’ welfare, the discrimination between son and daughter has been diminished in the families and now daughters are not considered as a burden on their parents. Daughters are also provided higher education and allowed to fulfil their dreams. As a result, they get the prestigious position in the society and make their parents proud of them.
In spite of this, there are many women in India who still face exploitation and violence. It usually happens after marriage, when the woman is victimized by physical, mental or sexual violence. Besides, Girls or women are got rapped or tortured by the criminals. The cases of eve-teasing and acid throwing are also come out. Moreover, in the rural areas of India, many people still do not allow their daughters to get higher education and marry them in their early ages. Therefore, it is required to do more efforts to empower all the women in India. In order to do this, we all have to work together as it is our responsibility to empower women of our country in every way.
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